COUNT AND NON-COUNT NOUNSmars 22, 2010 à 2:38 | Publié dans beginner/debutant english, english (all) | Laisser un commentaire
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Read through the following conversations and try to understand the subject. Look up any words you don’t know.
GOING TO A RESTAURANT
Natalie: Good evening, we have a reservation for two, for half past eight, but we’re an hour early and want to eat now if it’s not too much trouble.
Waiter: We have one table free, so that’s fine. What’s the name please?
Waiter: Great, this way please. Here are some menus.
(Natalie and Robert sit down)
Natalie: So, what do you think of this place?
Robert: It’s nice, but it’s too busy. There are too many tables, there’s too much noise and there isn’t enough space.
Waiter: So, can I take your order?
Natalie: We’re not ready yet, but can we have some water please?
Robert: The desserts look delicious. There are too many options, I can’t decide.
Customer: Excuse me, waiter.
Waiter: Can I help you?
Customer: Yes, there is a problem with my food. My meal isn’t hot enough.
Waiter: Oh, I’m very sorry. I’ll return it to the kitchen.
Customer: Thank you. Also, I would like a glass of wine and some bread.
Waiter: Okay sure.
Parent: How are your meals, kids?
Kid 1: Mine is nice, but there isn’t enough cheese. I want more cheese on my pasta!
Kid 2: Me too, and there are too much vegetables. I don’t like vegetables.
Parent: You mean too many vegetables, and you can never have too many vegetables, they’re really good for you! Also, you already have too much cheese on your pasta.
COUNT AND NON-COUNT NOUNS
In English, nouns are either “countable” or “uncountable”. A count noun has a plural form, and a non-count noun has no plural.
e.g. count nouns car(s), friend(s), computer(s), class(es)
non-count nouns traffic, pasta, rice, pollution
NOTE: we use numbers and “a/an” with countable nouns, but we cannot use them with uncountable nouns. Instead we use “some” (e.g. a car, three glasses, one table, some water, some rice, a pasta, three traffic etc.).
We use different expressions depending on whether the noun is countable or uncountable.
COUNT nouns: (there are) too many / too few / fewer
NON-COUNT nouns: (there is) too much / too little / less
Go back through the three dialogues and find examples of count and non-count nouns.
e.g. “…if it’s not too much trouble” = non-count noun
Now look at the following words. Are they count or non-count nouns?
Now look at the following sentences. Are they correct or incorrect? If you aren’t sure, then look up the words in a dictionary.
- There were too much people at the party, it was really crowded.
- If there is less noise then everyone can sleep better.
- Don’t you think there are too many pollution in this city?
- There are too few public beaches.
- There is too little rice for everyone.
- There is too much confusion over who is in charge.
- Next year there will be fewer traffic because the price of gas in increasing.
- There is fewer water in Africa than in Canada.
- There is too much corruption in the world.
- There is too many greed in the world.
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