AN INTRODUCTION TO PHRASAL VERBS WITH « GET »mars 1, 2010 à 8:02 | Publié dans english (all), intermediate english | Laisser un commentaire
A phrasal verb comprises a verb followed by one or more particles (prepositions or adverbs). These particles provide a different and specific meaning, often very obscurely or figuratively related to the original verb.
There are approximately 10,000 phrasal verbs in the English language, and they are used frequently in informal speech. English speakers use phrasal verbs instead of their more formal Latin-based equivalents. Having phrasal verbs as part of your vocabulary will mean that you are able to better understand informal everyday English. Using them in your own speech will make your English sound more fluent and natural. The following lesson introduces ten phrasal verbs with “get” within the context of everyday conversation.
Read the following conversation and notice the ten phrasal verbs with “get”. Try to figure out the meaning of the words by looking at the context of the sentence. Claire has just arrived at a bar, where she is meeting her two friends Jack and Julia for a drink.
Claire: Hi Jack!
Jack: Claire! How are you?
Claire: Oh, not too bad. I’m still getting over my cold, but feeling much better.
Jack: Good. Are you back at work?
Claire: Yes, I went back yesterday. I didn’t think I could get away with taking any more time off without my boss complaining. He’s so strict, he’s always getting at me about something or other!
Jack: That’s a shame, I got on pretty well with my last boss. She was great. By the way, where’s Julia? Is she not coming?
Claire: I don’t know, I couldn’t get through to her.
Jack: Maybe she forgot to meet us.
Claire: I’m sure she’ll be here soon. So, what did you get up to over the weekend?
Jack: Actually not much, I went to a party on Saturday night, and spent the next day in bed. It’s really bad actually, I was supposed to apply for some more jobs, but I didn’t get around to it.
Claire: How is all that going? Have you had any replies yet?
Jack: No, I was hoping for some interviews but no-one’s gotten back to me. It’s starting to get me down actually; I’ve never had so much trouble finding work before.
Claire: Yeah, looking for a job can be really stressful… Oh, look, Julia’s here!
Julia: Hi guys! Sorry I’m late, I bumped into an old friend on the way here and I couldn’t get rid of her, she wouldn’t stop talking!
Jack: Don’t worry, we haven’t been here long. So, let’s order some drinks.
to take time off: prendre un congé
to bump into: tomber sur; rencontrer par hasard
Using the text above, match the right definitions for each phrasal verb in context. Answers are at the end of the lesson.
(EXAMPLE: get over = recover, convalesce)
- Get over criticize, nag
- Get away with depress, make unhappy
- Get at remove, dispense with
- Get on with recover, convalesce
- Get through to do
- Get up to manage to complete/do
- Get around to respond, reply
- Get back to act with impunity
- Get down* have a good relationship with
- Get rid of contact, reach
*Note: « get (someone) down », therefore the structure for this phrasal verb is SUBJECT (it, the situation, you) + VERB (get) + OBJECT (me, her father, you) + PARTICLE (down).
Now complete the following sentences with the correct phrasal verb. Remember to use the right tense for the sentence.
- Please leave your name and telephone number and we’ll __________ you as soon as possible.
- Stop __________ me, I’ve had a hard day.
- She didn’t __________ learning some English because she was too busy.
- Gary was still __________ the flu, so he didn’t play football this week.
- What are you __________ this evening? Would you like to see a movie?
- I don’t __________ my sister, we are always arguing.
- Roxanne was so bored, but couldn’t __________ the guy that was talking to her.
- It had been cold and raining all week, and it was beginning to _____ me _____
- Paul couldn’t __________ his company because his mobile phone signal was bad.
- They__________ being late for work because their boss wasn’t in the office.
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- Recover, convalesce
- Act with impunity
- Criticize, nag
- Have a good relationship with
- Contact, reach
- Manage to complete, do
- Respond, reply
- Depress, make unhappy
- Remove, dispense with
- Get back to
- Getting at
- Get around to
- Getting over
- Getting up to
- Get on with
- Get rid of
- Get me down
- Get through to
- Got away with